Applied Behaviour Analysis
Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) is the application of the science of learning and behaviour to effect behaviour change. It is often associated with therapy for children with Autism but has many, many more application across fields including health, fitness, addiction, social care – even shopping! In fact anything that involves changing behaviour!
Behaviour analysis helps us to understand:
- How behavior works
- How behavior is affected by the environment
- How learning takes place
ABA therapy programs can help:
ABA therapy applies our understanding of how behaviour works to real situations. The goal is to increase behaviours that are helpful and decrease behaviours that are harmful or affect learning.
- Increase language and communication skills
- Improve attention, focus, social skills, memory, and academics
- Decrease problem behaviours
Positive Behaviour Support
- PBS is a person-centred approach focused on reducing behaviour that challenges and increasing a person’s quality of life
- It is an evidence based approach with it’s roots in behaviour analysis
- Provides support based on inclusion, choice, participation and equality of opportunity
What are the key principles?
- PBS seeks to understand the function for behaviour so that needs can be met in a more appropriate way
- Considers the person as a whole – their life history, physical health and emotional needs
- It’s proactive and preventative, focusing on the teaching of new skills to replace behaviours that challenge
- Should always focus on a multi-disciplinary approach
“When a flower doesn’t bloom, you fix the environment in which it grows, not the flower.”Alexander Den Heijer